Join us as we explore how the Holocaust was possible and how Adolf Hitler and other Nazi leaders relied on countless others for the execution of Nazi racial policies.
This year's Kristallnacht program features Susan D. Bachrach, Ph.D., staff historian in the Exhibits Department at the United State Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. Dr. Bachrach will introduce us to the Some Were Neighbors exhibit and help us comprehend how some individuals found an alternative response and did not succumb to doing evil during those extraordinalry times.
“Kristallnact or Night of Broken Glass”*
In November 1938, mass frenzy broke out in Austria and Germany. Synagogues were destroyed and burned, Jewish homes were assaulted, and Jewish-owned stores were shattered and looted. In many places, Jews were physically attacked. About 30,000 Jews—especially the influential and wealthy—were arrested and were thrown into concentration camps.
This was the first time that riots against the Jews of Germany, accompanied by mass detention, had been organized on such an extensive scale. Though the violent onslaught was officially terminated on November 10, in many places it continued for several days. In Austria, it started only on the morning of November 10 but was particularly fierce.
Every November, people around the world pause to remember Kristallnacht. The name Kristallnacht comes from Kristallglas (beveled plate glass) and refers to the broken shop windows of Jewish stores. Kristallnacht was the Nazis' first experience of large-scale, anti-Jewish violence. It opened the way for the complete eradication of the Jews' position in Germany.
Source: Yad Vashem
Monroe Community College
ATTN: Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights Project
1000 East Henrietta Road
Rochester, NY 14623
Fax: (585) 292-3832