I. American Chemical Society (ACS) Style

Electronic Resources

Introduction

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a self-governed individual membership organization that was founded in 1876. The ACS Style Guide, published by ACS, sets forth guidelines for authors and editors to aid in the production of high quality publications. The purpose of the ACS Style Guide is to answer questions and to ensure clarity and consistency. Following are examples of references based on The ACS Style Guide: A Manual for Authors and Editors 2nd edition (1997). Each reference should give enough information so that the source can be located and identified. If all fields of a given template cannot be completed, omit them. The ACS Style Guide presents three ways to cite references in text for ACS publications. ACS publications specify which of the three versions they prefer. One method, the use of italic numbers, is illustrated in the sample paper found in this guide. Here are some general guidelines when using this method:

Examples of Source Listings

Books by one or more authors, without editors Note: Chapter titles are not necessary. Qualifiers such as Jr. or II follow the middle name or initial. Author field ends with a period.

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Chapter Title. Book Title, Edition Number; Series Information (if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination.

Reference List Examples:

Saferstein, R. Organic Analysis. Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science, 8th ed.; Pearson/Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2004; pp 119-143.

Pavia, D. L.; Lampman, G. M.; Kriz, G. S.; Engel, R. G. Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques: A Small-Scale Approach, 2nd ed.; Brooks/Cole -Thompson Learning: Belmont, CA, 2005; pp 10-25.

Books with editors

Template:

Editor 1, Editor 2, Editor 3, etc., Eds. Book Title, Edition Number; Series Information (if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination.

Reference List Example:

Tatar, M. M., Ed. The Classic Fairy Tales: Texts, Criticism, 1st ed.; W.W. Norton & Company: New York, 1998; pp 30-35.

Work from a collection
Note: The word “In” before the Book Title indicates that the author(s) stated wrote only a section of the book.

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. In Book Title, Edition Number; Editor1, Editor 2, etc., Eds.; Series Information (if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination.

Reference List Example:

Perrault, C. In The Classic Fairy Tales: Texts, Criticism ; Tatar, M. M. Ed.; W.W. Norton Company: New York, 1999; pp 11-13.

Book published in several volumes
Note: If the set of books as a whole is the reference, do not include individual volume information.

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Chapter Title. Book Title, Edition Number; Series Information (if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination.

Reference List Example:

Campbell, Joseph. The Masks of God ; Arkana: New York, 1991; 4 vols.

Books and periodicals having no authors but written by a committee or organization
Note: Follow the book and periodical templates respectively. Name of organization/committee would go in the author field. If the publisher and committee, or organization, are one and the same, it is not necessary to repeat the publisher name.

Local and state government publications

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; etc. Chapter Title. Document Title ; Publication Number or Type; Publishing Agency: Place of Publication, Date; Pagination.

Reference List Example:

Mills, R. P. Report to the State Board of Regents; New York State Education Department: Albany, NY, 2005.

Federal government publications

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; etc. Chapter Title. Document Title; Government Publication Number; Publishing Agency: Place of Publication, Year; Pagination.

Reference List Example:

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Protecting Your Child Against Serious Diseases: Making Sure Kids get all their ‘Shots'; 02-9019; Department of Health and Human Services, The Food and Drug Administration: Rockville, MD, 2002; pp 1-12.

Article in a scholarly journal
Note: Some publications list the first 10 authors followed by a semicolon and et al.
ACS journals follow original publication for capitalizing the article title; other journals capitalize the main words.
Abbreviate journals according to Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index (CASSI). Refer to The ACS Style Guide for a list of CASSI abbreviations or at http://www.cas.org/ for several of the most commonly cited journals. One word journal names are not abbreviated.
Include issue information in Volume Field if each issue begins with page 1. Use Roman type for issue information, enclose it in parentheses, and space it from the volume number which it follows.

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation Year, Volume, Inclusive Pagination.

Reference List Example:

Pelter, M. W.; McQuade, J. Brewing Science in the Chemistry Laboratory: A "Mashing" Investigation of Starch and Carbohydrates. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1811-1812.


Nonscientific periodicals and newspapers

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Article. Title of Periodical, Complete date of issue, Pagination.

Reference List Examples:

Fowler, B. A Place Without History. Archaeology, Sept.-Oct. 2005, pp 30-35.

Wielaard, R. Europe Warns Iran on Holocaust Denial. Democrat and Chronicle, December 16, 2005, p 11A.

Material not intended for publication: example--personal interview

Template:

Author. Affiliation, City, State. Phrase describing the material, Year.

Reference List Example:

Marchese, J. Monroe Community College, Rochester, NY Personal Interview, 2006.

References to oral presentations, posters, or demonstrations at technical meetings, containing no publication information

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Presentation (if any). Presented at Conference Title, Place, Date; Paper Number.

Reference List Example:

Atwood, M. Wicked Women in Literature. Presented at Rochester Arts & Lectures, Downtown United Presbyterian Church, Rochester, NY, May 5, 1994.

Thesis

Template:

Author. Title of Thesis. Level of Thesis, Degree-Granting University, Location of University, Date of completion.

Reference List Example:

DiSano, M. Characterization and 1 H-NMR Applications of Hexaaza Macrocyclic Complexes of Lanthanides. M.S. Thesis, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, July 1989.

Electronic Resources

Electronic book See CD-ROM

Online journals and magazines

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation [Online] Year, Volume, Inclusive Pagination or other identifying information.

Reference List Example:

Gopinath, S. Ringtones, or the Auditory Logic of Globalization. First Monday: Peer Reviewed Journal on the Internet [Online] 2005, 10.

Article from a subscription service

Template:

Author (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed date), other identifying information.

Reference List Example:

Wills,W.; Backett-Milburn, K.; Gregory, S.; Lawton, J. ScienceDirect. http://www.sciencedirect.com (December 2005), Young Teenagers' Perceptions of Their Own and Others' Bodies: A Qualitative Study of Obese, Overweight and ‘Normal' Weight Young People in Scotland. Social Science & Medicine.

Email

Template:

Author. Affiliation, City, State. Phrase describing the material, Year.

Reference List Example:

DiSano, M. Monroe Community College, Rochester, NY. Personal communication, 2005.

Web site

Template:

Author (if any). Title of Site. URL (accessed date), other identifying information.

Reference List Example:

National Association for the Education of Young Children. http://www.naeyc.org/ (May 2006).

CD-ROM for periodicals

Template:

Author1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation [CD-ROM] Year, Volume, Inclusive pagination or other identifying information.

Reference List Example:

Mabrouk, S. The Preparation and Testing of a Common Emulsion and Personal Care Product: Lotion. J. Chem. Educ. [CD-ROM] 2004, 81, 83-86.

CD-ROM for books

Template:

Author 1; Author 2; etc. Chapter Title. Book Title, Edition Number [CD-ROM]; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number.

Reference List Example:

Wile, J. Exploring Creation with Chemistry, 2nd ed. [CD-ROM]; Apologia: Anderson, IN, 2003.

Commercial software

Template:

Program Title, version or edition; comments; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year.

Reference List Example:

Odyssey Matter in Motion, version 1.3; Wavefunction, Inc.: Irvine, CA, 2004.

Tables and Figures

Note: To create a figure or table using data that were previously published as narrative text, one does not need to obtain permission. However, the source of the data should be referenced.

Example:

Data are from reference 10.

Sample Laboratory Report Documented in ACS Style

The format followed in the sample report is a modified version of the standard format discussed in The ACS Style Guide. It uses italic numbers to cite references in text, one of the three versions presented in The ACS Style Guide. Be sure to check with your instructor for formatting and citation requirements.

See Sample ACS paper for more details

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MCC Guide to Writing Research Papers.
Developed by: M. DiSano, A. Penwarden, S. Callan.
Revised version August 2006. Copyright Monroe Community College.