MCC PARAMEDIC PROGRAM - VITAMINS & EMS PHARMACOLOGY

Letter Identifier

Name

Solubility

Actions

B1

Thiamine

water

Needed by brain cells to metabolize O2 & glucose. Deficiencies: Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

D

Calciferol

fat

Needed to regulate calcium in bone & blood stream. Deficiencies: Rickets

K

Menadione

fat

Helps with blood clotting. Deficiencies: clotting problems. Vitimin K (aquaMephyton), is the antidote for Coumarin based anticoagulants and rat poisons.

C

Ascorbic Acid

water

Needed for healthy tissues (especially oral areas). Boosts immune system, it has antioxident properties

Deficiencies: Scurvy

Niacin

Nicotinic Acid

water

Plays vital role in cell metabolism, can block cholesterol production.

Large doses act like vasodilators (niacin flush)

Deficiencies: Pellagra

E

Tocopherol

fat

Antioxidant-prevents lipid peroxidation of polyunsaturated fats.

Deficiencies: RBC hemolysis, neurological changes

Folic Acid

Folacin

water

RBC production, essential in neural tube closure of the fetus, act as co-enzyme in many body processes

Deficiencies: Megaloblastic Anemia, hemologic changes, Abortion, Neuropathy Psychiatric disorders

Water soluable vitamins are easily flushed from the body. The body only uses what it needs and then discards the rest. Fat soluable vitamins, on the other hand, accumulate in the body and can be toxic in excess. This is called hypervitaminosis.

An easy way to remember the fat soluable vitamins: All Dogs Eat Kittens

Note: There are many more important vitamins not listed here. This table represents the minimum knowledge expected of the paramedic student or practicing paramedic.

mcc-web02.monroecc.edu