SGT 100 - Introduction to Surgical Technology
This course introduces the student to the needs of surgical patients during preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative phases of care. It includes study of basic patient care including transport and transfer, vital signs, positioning, and creating a safe physical environment. Emphasis is on development of knowledge and skills related to principles and practice of aseptic technique, sterilization, use of selected devices to maintain hemostasis and thermoregulation, documentation, organization of the surgical suite and emergency procedures. Selected laboratory experiences. Three class hours, two laboratory hours. Laboratory fees apply.
Co-requisite(s): BIO 144, MTH 165 or higher, HIM 104, SGT 110
Course Learning Outcomes
1. Analyze potential patient responses to illness and hospitalization.
2. Compare and contrast various physical, spiritual, cultural and psychological needs of a patient and family.
3. State the process used to obtain an informed consent for a surgical procedure or treatment.
4. Describe the preoperative routines, including associated documentation, required for surgical patients.
5. Describe the identification process for surgical patients.
6. Explain the principles of transportation of the surgical patient.
7. Demonstrate the principles of transfer and surgical positioning.
8. Prepare the operative site for surgery.
9. Explain safety considerations related to the physical environment in the surgical suite.
10. Discuss the concepts of asepsis.
11. Demonstrate the application of aseptic technique.
12. Identify the application of surgical conscience in relation to the surgical patient and all principles of asepsis.
13. Discuss principles and demonstrate procedures for creating and maintaining a sterile field.
14. Demonstrate procedures for creating and maintaining a sterile field.
15. Explain the role of the assistant circulator.
16. Describe the types of drapes available.
17. Discuss the principles of draping.
18. Demonstrate the application of various surgical drapes.
19. Explain the postoperative care of the surgical patient.
20. Discuss development of an optimal plan for discharge of individual surgical patients. 21. Demonstrate the measurement and recording of vital signs
22. Identify abnormal vital signs and appropriate follow up actions.
23. Describe the application of thermoregulatory devices.
24. Discuss methods of hemostasis and blood replacement.
25. Demonstrate the preparation and use of appropriate agents or devices used to promote hemostasis.
26. Discuss documentation used in the operating room.
27. Explain the principles of urinary catheterization.
28. Demonstrate the procedure of urinary catheterization.
29. Explain the appropriate response given an emergency situation.
Course Offered Fall only