EMS & Medical Abbreviations


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
340 155.340 radio frequency, ambulance to hosp.
3TC Lamivudine (Epivir) (1 part of triple therapy for HIV)
5-HT 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin)
980 coroner or dead on arrival (local field term)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
a (line over) ante (before)
AA Alcohol Anonymous
AAA aortic abdominal aneurism
AAL anterior axillary line
AAOS American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
AAPS ambulance accident prevention seminar
Ab abortion
abc airway, breathing, circulation
abd abdominal
ABG arterial blood gas
ABLS Advanced Burn Life Support
AC antecubit
  alternating current
  ante cibos (before meals)
ACA against clinical advice
ACE * angiotensin converting enzyme
ACEI angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor
ACEP * American College Emergency Physicians
ACh acetylcholine
AChE acetylcholine esterase
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support
ACR advanced care report
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
AD auris dextra (right ear)
ad lib * at pleasure
ADH antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)
ADP adenosine diphosphate
AED automated external defibrillation
Af atrial fibrillation
AF atrial flutter
AFB acid fast bacilli
Ag antigen
AHA American Heart Association
  autoimmune hemolytic anemia
AI aortic insufficiency
AICD automatic implantable cardioverter/ defibrillator
AIDS * acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIVR accelerated idioventricular rhythm
AKA alcoholic ketoacidosis
  also known as (alias)
ALS advanced life support
  amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
AM ante meridian
  amplitude modulation
AMA against medical advice
  American Medical Association
AMB ambulance
AMI acute myocardial infarction
AMP adenosine monophosphate
AMPLE * allergy, meds, past hx, last intake, events leading upto
AOB alcohol on breath
AODM adult onset Diabetes mellitus now called DM type II
A&P anatomy and physiology
AP Anterior/Posterior
  apical pulse
  angina pectoris
  alkaline phosphatase
APAP * acetaminophen, (Tylenol)
APC atrial premature contraction
  ASA, acetophenetidin & caffeine
APCOR * advanced portable coronary observation radio
APE acute pulmonary edema
APGAR * appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration
APLS * Advanced Pediatric Life Support
APSAC * Anastreptalase (Thrombolytic)
aq water
ARB's angiotensin receptor blockers
ARC * AIDS related complex (now called symptomatic HIV)
  American Red Cross
ARDS * adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
ARFF airport rescue fire fighter
AS aortic stenosis
  auris sinistra (left ear)
ASA acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
ASAP as soon as possible
ASD atrial septal defect
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
ATLS Advanced Trauma Life Support (course for Drs)
ATP adenosine triphosphate
Au gold
AU auris unitas (both ears)
AV atrio ventricular
  audio visual
aVF augmented voltage foot
AVHB atrioventricular heart block
aVL augmented voltage left
AVPU alert, voice, pain, unresponsive (mental status rating)
aVR augmented voltage right
ax axillary
AZT Azidomithydine, Zidovudine


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
B black
B1 thiamine
BAC blood alcohol content
BAL british anti-lewisite (dimercaprol)
  blood alcohol level
Batt battery
BBB bundle branch block
BE base excess
  barium enema
B&E breaking and entering (primarily law enforcement abbr.)
BG blood glucose
BGH Buffalo General Hospital
bib bibe (to drink)
bicarb * bicarbonate (NaHCO3)
BID bis in die (2 X a day)
BiPAP * EPAP and IPAP separate pressures can be selected
BLS basic life support
BM bowel movement
BMR basal metabolic rate
BNDD Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (now DEA)
BP blood pressure
BPD borderline personality disorder
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BS bowel sounds
  Bachelor of Science or Surgery
BSA body surface area
BSI body substance isolation
BSN Bachelor of Science in Nursing  
BTLS Basic Trauma Life Support
BUFA baby up for adoption
BUN * blood urea nitrogen


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
c (line over) cum (with)
C centigrade
Ca cancer
Ca++ calcium ion
CABG * coronary artery bypass graft
CAD * coronary artery disease
cAMP cyclic adenosine monophosphate
CAOX3 conscious, alert, oriented to person, place, time
Cap let him/her take
CAST * Cardiac Arrhythmia Suppression Trial (Study)
CAT * computerized axial tomography (now called CT)
CBC complete blood count
CBD criteria-based dispatch
CC chief complaint
cc cubic centimeter (= to ml)
CCB calcium channel blockers
CCEMTP critical care emergency medical technician paramedic
CCU coronary care unit
C/D cup to disk ratio
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CDE Certified Diabetes Educator
CEN Certified Emergency Nurse
CEO chief executive officer
CF cystic fibrosis
CFR Certified First Responder
  crash fire rescue
CFS chronic fatigue syndrome
cGMP cyclic guanine monophosphate
CHB complete heart block
CHF congestive heart failure
CIC certified instructor coordinator
  certified infection control
CISD critical incident stress debriefing
CISM critical incident stress management
CJPSTF Criminal Justice Public Safety Training Facility (now PSTF)
CK creatine kinase
Cl chloride
Cl- chloride ion
CLI certified lab instructor
CM tomorrow morning
CME continuing medical education
CMV cytomegalo virus
  continuous mandatory ventilation
CN cyanide
  cranial nerve
  tomorrow night
  phenyichloromenthylketone (CN Mace)
CNS central nervous system
CO carbon monoxide
  cardiac output
c/o complaint of
CO2 carbon dioxide
COBRA * congress omnibus budget reconciliation act
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COMT * catechol-o-methyltransferase
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP cerebral palsy
CPAP * continuous positive airway pressure
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPO Command Post Operations
CPR cardio pulmonary resuscitation
CPS cycles per second (now called hertz)
CPU central processing unit
CREST * Calcinosis, Raynaud's, Esophageal dysfunction, Sclerodactyly,
  Telangiectasia (syndrome)
CRF chronic renal failure
C/S caesarean section
CSIC cervical spine immobilization collar
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CSP carotid sinus pressure
C-spine * cervical spine
CT computerized tomography
CTA clear to auscultation
CTC Critical Trauma Care (course)
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVP central venous pressure
Cx conscious
CXR chest X-Ray


d/tdue to

* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
D4T Stavudine (Zerit) (antiviral drug)
D5W dextrose 5% and water
D50 dextrose 50%
DAI diffuse axonal injury
DARE * Drug & Alcohol Resistance Education
DATF Daybreak Alcoholic Treatment Facility
DAW dispense as written
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DC discontinue
  direct current
  Doctor of Chiropractic
D&C dilate and curettage
  Democrate and Chronical (local newspaper)
DCAP-BTLS deformity, contusions, abrasions, punctures/penetrations
  burns, tenderness, lacerations, swelling
DD differential diagnosis
DDC Zalcitabine (Hivid) antiviral drug
DDI Didanosine (Videx) antiviral drug
DDS Doctor of Dental Surgery
DDx differential diagnosis
DEA Drug Enforcement Agency
DEC Department of Environmental Conservation
defib * defibrillation
DER died in emergency room
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
DIFF * differential (leucocyte)
Dig digitalis, lanoxin
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DLV Delavirdine (Rescriptor) antiviral drug
DM diabetes mellitus
DMD Doctor of dental medicine
DMI diaphragmatic myocardial infarction
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DO Doctor of Osteopathy
  director of operations
  designated officer
DOA dead on arrival
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DOH Department of Health
DOT Department of Transportation
DPL diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT diphtheria pertussis tetanus
Dr doctor (Latin for teacher)
dr drachma (dram)
DT delirium tremens
  diphtheria tetanus
  defensive tactics
DTMF dual tone multi frequency (touch tone)
DTR deep tendon reflexes
DVM Doctor Veterinary Medicine
DVT deep venous thrombosis
DWAI driving while ability impaired
DWI driving while intoxicated
Dx diagnosis


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
ECC emergency cardiac care
  Erie Community College
ECG electrocardiogram
ECF extracellular fluid
ECMC Erie County Medical Center
ED emergency department
  erectile dysfunction
Ed.D Doctor of Education
EDC expected date of confinement
EDNA * emergency dept. nurses assoc. (now called ENA)
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eyes ears nose & throat
EES erythromycin ethylsuccinate
EF ejection fraction
EFM external fetal monitor
EFW estimated fetal weight
eg for example
EGA estimated gestational age
EGTA esophageal gastric tube airway
EJ external jugular
EKG electrocardiogram (ECG is more preferable)
ELISA * enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMG electromyogram
EMD emergency medical dispatcher
  electromechanical dissociation (now called PEA)
EMG electromyogram
EMS emergency medical service
EMT emergency medical technician
EMT-B EMT-Basic (same as EMT)
EMT-D EMT-Defibrillation
EMT-I EMT-Intermediate
EMT-CC EMT-Critical Care
EMT-P EMT-Paramedic
ENA * Emergency Nurses Association
ENT ears nose & throat
EOA esophageal obturator airway
EOC Emergency Operations Center
EOM extraocular movement
EOMI extraocular movement intact
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ER emergency room (old term now called ED)
esp especially
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end-stage renal disease
et and
ET, ETT endotracheal tube
ETA estimated time of arrival
ETC Entry to Care
ETOH ethyl alcohol


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
F fahrenheit
FACC Fellow American College Cardiology
FACEP Fellow of American College of Emergency Physicians
FACIT * Family Crisis Intervention Team (RPD)
FACP Fellow American College Pediatrics
FACS Fellow American College Surgery
FB foreign body
  frank blood
FBS fasting blood sugar
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FD fire department
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FDIU fetal death in utero
Fe iron
FF Firefighter
FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen
FM frequency modulation
  fetal movement
Fr french
FSE fetal scalp electrode
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FUD frequency, urgency, dysuria
FUO fever of unknown origin
Fx fracture


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
G gravida
G6P glucose 6 phosphate
G6PD glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase
GABA * gamma amino butyric acid
GC gonococcal
GCS glasgow coma scale
GDM gestational diabetes mellitus
GERD * gastro-esophageal reflux disease
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GI gastrointestinal
gm gram
Gr grain
GSW gunshot wound
gtts guttae (drops)
GU genitourinary
GUSTO * global utilization of strepto (Study)
GVA Greece Volunteer Ambulance (local abbreviation)
GYN * gynecology


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
H hydrogen
  hora (hour)
H+ hydrogen ion
H2CO3- carbonic acid
H2O water
H2O2 hydrogen peroxide
HACE * high altitude cerebral edema
HAPE * high altitude pulmonary edema
HAV hepatitis A virus
HAZMAT * hazardous materials
HBP high blood pressure
HBV hepatitis B virus
Hcl hydrochloride
HCO3- bicarbonate
Hct hematocrit
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HDL high density lipoprotein
HEAR * Hospital Emergency Ambulance Radio (155.340) "340"
HEENT head eyes ears nose throat
HELLP * hemolysis elevated liver enzymes, low platelets
HEPA * high efficiency particulate airfilter
Hg mercury
Hgb, Hb hemoglobin
HHA home health aid
HHNC hypertonic hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma
HID head immobilization device
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HOH water
Hosp * hospital
HPI history of present illness
HPV human papilloma virus
HR heart rate
hr, h hour
HRF health related facility
HS hora somni (before sleep)
HSV herpes simplex virus (I and II)
ht height
HTN hypertension
Hx history
Hz hertz (formerly CPS)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
IABC intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation
IABP intra-aortic balloon pump
IAC-CPR interposed abdominal counterpulsation - CPR
IC intracardiac
ICD implantable cardioverter/defibrillator
  intrauterine contraceptive device
  ischemic cardiac disease
ICF intracellular fluid
ICP intracranial pressure
ICS intercostal space
  incident command system
ICU intensive care unit
ID intradermal
I&D incise and drain
IDDM insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
IDV Indinavir (Crixivan) antiviral drug
ie for example
Ig_ Immunoglobulin A, G, E, M
IGT impaired glucose tolerance
IHSS idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IM intramuscular
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
INH isoniazid
IO intraosseous
IP intraperitoneal
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPPV intermittent positive pressure ventilation
IQ intelligence quotient
IR infra red
IRRC International Resuscitation Research Center-Pittsburgh
ISIS * International Study of Infarct Survival (1, 2, 3, 4)
IU international unit
IUD intrauterine device
IUFD intrauterine fetal death
IUGR intrauterine growth retardation
IUPC intrauterine pressure catheter
IV intravenous
IVP IV push
  IV pyelogram
IVPB IV piggyback
IVR idioventricular rhythm


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
J joule
JAMA * Journal of the American Medical Association
JD Juris Doctor (Lawyer)
JODM juvenile onset diabetes mellitus (now called DM type I)
JVD jugular venous distention


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
K+ potassium ion
KCl potassium chloride
KED Kendrick Extrication Device
Kg kilogram
KTD Kendrick Traction Device
KUB kidneys, ureters and bladder (X-ray of)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
L (circled) left
L liter
  lente (insulin)
LA left atrium
  left arm
LAD left anterior descending
  left axis deviation
LAE left atrial enlargement
LASER * Light Amplification Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LBBB left bundle branch block
LCX left circumflex artery
LD50 lethal dose of 50% of the test animals
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDL low density lipoprotein
LE lupus erythematosus
LFT liver function tests
LGL Lown Ganong Levine syndrome
LH luteinizing hormone
LL left leg
LLL left lower lung
LLQ Left lower quadrant
LMA laryngeal mask airway
LMH Lakeside Memorial Hospital
LMP last menstrual period
LOA left occiput anterior
LOC loss of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
LP5 Lifepak model 5 (portable monitor/defibrillator)
LP10 Lifepak 10 (portable monitor/12lead/pacer/defibrillator)
LPN licensed practical nurse
LR lactated ringers
LSD lysergic acid diethylamide
LSFT large spill fire trainer
L-Spine lumbar spine
LTH luteotropic hormone
LUL left upper lobe of lung
LUQ Left upper quadrant
LV left ventricle
LVAD * Left ventricular assist device (internal blood pump)
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
mA milliampere
MADIT * Multicenter Automatic Defib. Implant Trial (Study)
MAE moves all extremities
MAO monoamine oxidase inhibitors
MAP * mean arterial pressure
MAST * medical antishock trousers (registered trademark) or PASG
MB myocardial band
MCC Monroe Community College
MCI mass casualty incident
MCL modified chest left (MCL1 approximates V1, MCL2 V2 etc)
  midclavicular line
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCSO Monroe County Sheriff's Office
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MD Medical Doctor
  muscular dystrophy
MDI metered dose inhaler
MDL multidisipline laboratory
MDPIT * Multi Center Diltiazem Post Infarction Trial (Study)
MDU medical detoxification unit
ME Medical Examiner
mEq milliequivalent
MERT * medical emergency response team
mfe multi function electrodes (pace/defib/cardiovert/monitor)
mg, mgm milligram
Mg magnesium
Mg++ magnesium ion
MgSO4 magnesium sulfate
MHA mental hygiene arrest
MI myocardial infarction
  mitral insufficiency
MICN mobile intensive care nurse
MICP mobile intensive care paramedic
MICU * medical intensive care unit
  mobile intensive care unit
Min * minute
MLD minimum lethal dose
MLREMSC Monroe/Livingston Regional EMS Council
mm millimeters
MM (circled) murmur
mmol millimoles
MMR measles mumps rubella
M&M morbidity and mortality
MoCoHo * Monroe Community Hospital
MOI mechanism of injury
MOM * milk of magnesia
MONA * morphine oxygen nitrates aspirin
Mono * mononucleosis
mOsm milliosmoles
MP mitral prolapse
MPH Master of Public Health
MR mental retardation
  mitral regurgitation
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA * methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS multiple sclerosis
  morphine sulfate
  Master of Science
mS millisecond
MSN Master of Science in Nursing
MSW Master in Social Work
mV millivolt
MVA motor vehicle accident
MVO2 myocardial oxygen consumption
MVP mitral valve prolapse


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
N normal
Na natrium (sodium)
Na+ sodium ion
N/A not applicable
NAD no acute distress
NAF nursing assessment form
NC nasal cannula
NCAT * normocephalic atraumatic
NDA no drug allergy
NG nasogastric
NH nursing home
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NICU * neonatal intensive care unit
NIDDM non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus
NIH National Institutes of Health
NKA no known allergy
NKDA no known drug allergy
NO2 nitrous oxide
NOI nature of illness
NP Nurse Practitioner
NPA nasopharyngeal airway
NPH intermediate acting form of insulin
NPO nil per os (nothing by mouth)
NREMT National Registry of EMTs
NRM non-rebreathing mask
NS normal saline
NSAID * non-steroidal anti inflammatory drug
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NTG nitroglycerin
NTID National Technical Institute for the Deaf (RIT)
NT/ND non-tender, non-distended
NTP nitro paste
N/V nausea and vomiting
N/V/D nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
NYPHREM5* New York Prospective Hospital Reimbursement Methodology
NYS New York State


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
O2 oxygen
O3 ozone
OB obstetrics
  occult blood
OBS organic brain syndrome
OC oral contraceptives
  oleoresin capsicum (OC Mace)
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
OD overdose
  oculus dexter (right eye)
  Doctor of Optometry
OEC Office of Emergency Communications (911)
OEP Office of Emergency Preparedness
OH- hydroxyl ion
OLMC on-line medical control
OOH out of hospital (rapidly replacing the term prehospital)
OPA oropharyngeal airway
OPQRST onset, provocation, quality, radiation, severity, time
OR operating room
ORSA * same as MRSA
OS oculus sinister (left eye)
OSHA * Occupational Safety & Health Administration
OSS on site scoring (method of immediate certification)
OT occupational therapy
OTC over the counter
OU oculi unitas (both eyes)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
P pulse
p (line over) post (after)
PA Physician Assistant
  posterior anterior
  pulmonary artery
PAC premature atrial contraction
PaCO2 partial pressure arterial carbon dioxide
PACO2 partial pressure alveolar carbon dioxide
PACTAC * Police And Citizens Together Against Crime
PALS * Pediatric Advanced Life Support
PAO Psychiatric Assignment Officer
PaO2 partial pressure arterial oxygen
PAO2 partial pressure alveolar oxygen
PAP * peak airway pressure
  Papanicolaou test (Pap Smear)
PASG pneumatic anti-shock garment
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PB piggyback
Pb lead
PBC primary biliary cirrhosis
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PC post cibum (after meals)
  personal computer
2PC Two physician committal
PCD pacing cardioverter/defibrillator (implanted)
PCI percutaneous intervention
PCN penicillin
PCP phencyclidine
  pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCR patient care report
PCTA percutaneous transluminal angioplasty
PCV packed cell volume (Hematocrit)
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD police department
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PDR Physicians Desk Reference
PE physical exam
  pulmonary embolus
PEA pulseless electrical activity
PEARL * pupils = & reactive to light
PEARLA * pupils = & reactive to light & accommodation
PEEP * positive end expiratory pressure
PEP post exposure Prophylaxis (meds to prevent HIV seroconversion)
PERRLA * pupils = & round, reactive to light & accommodation
PESH * Public Employee Safety and Health
PET * positron emission tomography
PFD personal flotation device (life jacket)
PFT pulmonary function tests
PH past history
ph phone
pH the inverse log of the hydrogen ion concentration
PhD Doctor of Philosophy
PHTLS Prehospital Trauma Life Support
PI present illness
PICC * peripherally inserted central catheters
PICU * pediatric intensive care unit
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIP peak inspiratory pressure
PIT * Pitocin, Oxytocin
PJC premature junctional contraction
PJU Physicians Journal Update (LMT on cable)
PKU phenylketonuria
PM post meridian
PMD private medical doctor
P-MELT * pacemaker mediated endless loop tachycardia
PMH past medical history
PMI point of maximal impulse
PMP previous menstrual period
PMR Puritan Manual Resuscitator (type of bag valve mask)
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PO per os (by mouth)
POV privately owned vehicle
PP pulse pressure
  pulsus paradoxus
PPD purified protein derivative (TB test)
ppd packs per day
PPD#1 postpartum day one
PPD#2 postpartum day two
PPE personal protection equipment
PPM parts per million
PQRST provocation, quality, radiation, severity, time
PR per rectum
prand * meal
PRH Parkridge Hospital
prn pro re nata (as needed)
PROM * premature rupture of membranes
psi pounds per square inch
PSIM Public Safety Incident Management
PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT prothrombin time (protime)
  physical therapy
Pt patient
pt pint
PTA prior to arrival
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH parathyroid hormone
PTL pharyngeal tracheal lumen (airway)
  preterm labor
PTT partial thromboplastin time
  push to talk
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PVR peripheral vascular resistance now called SVR
PWA person with AIDS
PWI practice work instructor
PZI protamine zinc insulin (long acting insulin)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
q quaque (every)
QA quality assurance (quality assessment is newer term)
qd quaque die (every day)
Qh quaque hora (every hour)
QI quality improvement
QID quarter in die (4 X a day)
qod every other day
qv quantum vis (as much as you need)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
R (circled) right
R respiration
  regular (fast acting insulin)
  resistance (electrical)
RA right atrium
  right arm
  rheumatoid arthritis
RAAS * renin angiotensin aldosterone system
RAD right axis deviation
RAE right atrial enlargement
RAM random access memory
RAS reticular activating system
RBBB right bundle branch block
RBC red blood cell
RCA right coronary artery
RD Registered Dietitian
REMAC * Regional Emergency Medical Advisory Committee
RF radio frequency
RFD Rochester Fire Department
r/i rule in
RIND * reversible ischemic neurologic deficit
RK radial keratotomy
RL right leg
RLL right lower lobe
RLQ right lower quadrant
RMA refusing medical attention
RML right middle lobe
RN registered nurse
RNA ribonucleic acid
r/o rule out
ROM * rupture of membranes
  read only memory
ROPD reversible obstructive pulmonary disease
RPC Rochester Psychiatric Center
RPD Rochester Police Department
RSI rapid sequence induction (pharm assisted intubation)
RSR regular sinus rhythm
RTS regional test site
RTV Ritonavir (Norvir) antiviral drug
RUL right upper lobe of lung
RUQ right upper quadrant
RV right ventricle
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx treatment, recipe, prescription
  receive (radio)


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
S1 first heart sound (lub)
S2 second heart sound (dub)
S3 third heart sound (ventricular gallop)
S4 forth heart sound (atrial gallop)
s (line over) san (without)
ss (line over) semis (half)
SA sino atrial
SAFT specialized aircraft fire trainer
SAH subarachnoid hemorrhage
SaO2 Saturation of arterial blood with oxygen
SB sinus bradycardia
SBP systolic blood pressure
SEMAC * State Emergency Medical Advisory Committee
SEQ South East Quadrant (local term)
SGOT serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
SIADH syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion
SICU surgical intensive care unit
SIDS * sudden infant death syndrome
Sig let it be written
SK streptokinase (thrombolytic)
SL sublingual
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SMA * sequential multiple analyzer 6, 12 (out dated)
SMAC * sequential multiple analyzer computer
SMH Strong Memorial Hospital
SMZ sulfamathoxazole
SNF * skilled nursing facility
SOB short of breath
soln solution
SOLVED * Studies of LV dysfunction, 8/91 study NEJM on CHF & ACEI
S/P status post
sp gr specific gravity
SpO2 pulse oxygen saturation (pulse oximetry)
SQ subcutaneous
SQV Saquinavir (Invirase) antiviral drug
SROM spontaneous rupture of membranes
SRSA slow releasing substance of anaphylaxis
SS social security
S-Spine sacral spine
SSS sick sinus syndrome
ST sinus tachycardia
STD standardize
  sexually transmitted disease
STEP * Society for Total Emergency Programs
STM St. Mary's Hospital
SV stroke volume
SVD spontaneous vaginal delivery
SVR systemic vascular resistance
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
SWAT * special weapons and tactics
Sx sign or symptom
sync * synchronization
SZ seizure


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
T3 thyroid hormone (triiodothyronine)
T4 thyroid hormone (thyroxine)
  WBCs attacked by HIV.
T&A tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy
tab * tablet
TAMI * Thrombolysis & Angioplasty in MI (Study)
TB tuberculosis
TBA to be announced
tbsp tablespoon
TBW total body water
TC total cholesterol
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TCP transcutaneous pacer
TDP torsades de pointes
TEAM * Training for Emergency Action Management
TEE transesophageal echo
TFTC too fast to count
TGH The Genesee Hospital (historical use)
THH The Highland Hospital
TIA transient ischemic attack
TID ter in die (3 X a day)
TIMI * Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (Study)
TM tympanic membrane
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TMP-SMZ Trimethaprim sulfamathoxazole
TNT Trinitrotoluene
TNTC too numerous to count
tPA tissue plasminogen activator (thrombolytic)
TPN total parenteral nutrition
T-POD Trauma Pelvic Orthotic Device (new device to stabilize pelvic Fxs)
TPR temperature, pulse, respiration
TQM total quality management
Tr transport
TS trauma score
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
tsp teaspoon
T-Spine * thoracic spine
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TURP * trans urethral radical prostatectomy
TV tidal volume
Tx transmit


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
U Ultralente (long acting insulin)
U-100 100 units/cc
UA, U/A urinalysis
  unstable angina
UFT utility fire trainer
UHF ultra high frequency
ung ointment
URI upper respiratory infection
USP United States Pharmacopeia
UTI urinary tract infection
UV ultraviolet


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
VBAC vaginal birth after caesarean section
VD venereal disease
VDG venereal disease gonorrhea
VDRL venereal disease research laboratory
VDS venereal disease syphilis
VEB ventricular ectopic beat
Vf ventricular fibrillation
VHF very high frequency
vol volume
VOO Fixed rate ventricular pacing
VPC ventricular premature contraction
V/Q ventilation/perfusion
VS vital signs
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT ventricular tachycardia
VVI Ventricular inhibited mode of pacing


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
W white
WBC white blood cell
WCT wide complex tachycardia (VT vs. SVT with aberration)
WD well developed
WN well nourished
WNL within normal limits
WPW Wolf Parkinson White syndrome
WS Watt second
wt weight


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
X-RAY radiograph


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
yo year old


* = Asterisk indicates acronym.
ZDV Zidovudine, AZT
ZED Zee Extrication Device (like KED)