Course Descriptions

The following is a complete listing of courses offered at MCC. You can also visit our Programs of Study page for a list of course requirements necessary to complete your degree.

AAD - Applied Art and Design
ACC - Accounting
ACD - Alcohol/Chemical Dependency
AGS - Agricultural Studies
ANT - Anthropology
ARA - Arabic/Foreign Language
ART - Art
ASL - American Sign Language/Foreign Language
ATP - Automotive Technology
BIO - Biology
BUS - Business
CDL - Interdisciplinary
CE - Cooperative Education-Disney World
CE - Hospitality
CE - Office Technology
CEL - Leadership
CHE - Chemistry
CHI - Chinese/Foreign Language
CIN - Cinema Studies
CIS - Computer Information Systems
CIT - Civil and Construction Technology
CLT - Clinical Laboratory Technician
CLT 100 - Introduction to Medical Laboratory Technology

2 Credits

This course is an overview of the Health Care System with an emphasis on the profession of Medical Laboratory Technology. The course covers the training and continuing education of Health Care workers and outlines the roles Clinical Laboratory Technicians/Medical Laboratory Technicians play as part of the health care team. The student will describe the history and current practices relative to education, governance and common practice in the clinical laboratory field. The student will be able to discuss and demonstrate safety, values, ethics and interpersonal interactions as related to Laboratory Science. Two class hours.

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe the functions of the clinical laboratory in patient care.
2. Diagram and describe the organizational structure of a health care organization.
3. Describe the roles of various clinical laboratory professionals.
4. Compare and contrast the educational and licensure/certification requirements for clinical laboratory professionals.
5. Describe the roles of the agencies involved in clinical laboratory regulation.
6. Describe the major points of legislation that significantly affects the clinical laboratory, such as Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA), or New York State Public Health Law.
7. Describe professional behaviors or ethics characteristic of clinical laboratory technology professionals.
8. Compare and contrast the laboratory testing performed in a variety of settings.

Course Offered Fall only

CLT 110 - Specimen Procurement and Processing

1 Credit

This course is an introduction to the collection and processing of patient specimens for clinical laboratory testing. The primary emphasis is venipuncture technique and its importance in sample quality. Other topics include communication skills, quality assurance, safety and infection control procedures, applicable medical terminology, capillary blood collection, collection of specimens other than blood, and specimen handling. Three laboratory hours.

Prerequisite: CLT 100 and any one of BIO 134, BIO 142, BIO 144; or permission of instructor.

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Demonstrate proper hand hygiene.
2. Demonstrate proper donning and removing of personal protective equipment.
3. Demonstrate proper venipuncture technique.
4. Describe infection prevention practices related to specimen collection, transport or processing.
5. Describe safety practices for hazards such as chemical, fire or biohazardous material.
6. Define medical terminology related to laboratory testing or blood sample collection.
7. Identify human anatomic structures such as veins, arteries or nerves at commonly used blood collection sites.
8. Identify supplies required for blood sample collection.
9. Describe the pre-examination factors that affect specimen integrity.
10. Describe common clinical laboratory quality assurance practices.
11. Describe the use of laboratory information systems.
12. Describe professional communication skills that would ensure patient safety and comfort.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 130 - Body Fluids and Urinalysis

2 Credits

This course is the study of the structure and function of the processes which result in urine and body fluid production. The emphasis of the course will be on analysis and interpretation of test results and will include pathophysiological correlations to the test results. Topics will include urinalysis, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, serous fluid analysis, analysis of transudates, exudates and gastrointestinal contents and semen analysis. One class hour, two laboratory hours.

Prerequisite(s): CLT 100 with a grade of C or higher AND any one of BIO 134, BIO 142, BIO 144 each with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor. Co-requisite(s): Any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145 (or previously completed)

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Explain the primary functions of the major components of the urinary system.
2. Perform a routine urinalysis according to standard operating procedures.
3. Identify commonly observed urinary crystals, cells or casts.
4. Explain the principle of tests commonly included in a routine urinalysis.
5. Explain the principle of confirmatory chemical tests for urine.
6. Troubleshoot discrepant results.
7. Describe tests commonly performed on non-urine body fluids.
8. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to urine or body fluid analysis.
9. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to urine or body fluid analysis.
10. Describe quality assessment practices for urine or body fluid analysis.
11. Explain the clinical significance of urine or body fluid analyses or results.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 140 - Immunology

2 Credits

An introduction to basic concepts in immunology. Topics include classification systems of the immune system. Functions and interactions of each component of the immune subsystems. Mechanisms of action of each active component of the immune subsystems. Detailed analysis of the development of the immune system, specific immunoglobulin structures, functions and genetics, complement and other cascades and the major histocompatibility complex will be covered. Disorders discussed will include anergy, hypersensitivities, autoimmune diseases, allergies, immune deficiencies and AIDS. Two class hours.

Prerequsite(s): CLT 100 with a grade of C or higher AND any one of BIO 134, BIO 142, BIO 144 each with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor. Co-requisite(s): CLT 145 AND any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145 (or previously completed)

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe the similarities and differences between the innate and acquired immune systems.
2. Compare and contrast primary and secondary immune responses.
3. Compare and contrast the five classes of immunoglobulins in terms of structure or function.
4. Summarize the role of MHC molecules and T cell subsets in the adaptive immune response.
5. Describe the three pathways of complement activation.
6. Compare and contrast the four types of hypersensitivity reactions.
7. Evaluate the significance of multiple laboratory test results in the diagnosis of systemic autoimmune disease.
8. Provide examples of organ-specific autoimmunity resulting from cell-mediated or antibody-mediated pathologies.
9. Discuss appropriate methods to diagnose immunoproliferative or immunodeficiency disorders.
10. Distinguish between acute or chronic diseases caused by different viruses on the basis of serology.
11. Compare and contrast serological testing for bacterial infections such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
12. Describe appropriate serological testing methods for fungal or parasite infections.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 145 - Serological Techniques

1 Credit

An introduction to the theory and practice of serological testing with emphasis on clinical significance and disease correlation. Topics include traditional techniques and molecular methods for detection and confirmation of disease states. Three laboratory hours.

Prerequisite(s): CLT 100 with a grade of C or higher AND any one of BIO 134, BIO 142, BIO 144 each with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor. Co-requisite(s): CLT 140 with a grade of C or higher AND any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145 (or previously completed)

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Perform necessary calculations to prepare correct dilutions or concentrations of reagents for use in serological tests.
2. Demonstrate the proper use of equipment or instruments such as pipets, spectrophotometer, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reader, light microscope, or fluorescence microscope, using established protocols.
3. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to serology.
4. Describe the principle of common serological tests.
5. Perform common serological assays according to established protocols.
6. Discuss potential sources of error or limitations of common serological assays.
7. Troubleshoot common serological assays.
8. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to serology.
9. Describe quality assessment practices for serology.
10. Explain the clinical significance of serology tests or results.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 150 - Histology Techniques

1 Credit

An introduction to histological techniques used in the clinical laboratory setting. Topics include tissue preparation, fixation, embedding, sectioning, mounting and staining to facilitate microscopic examination. The student will be required to identify common cellular and tissue structures and will be required to follow all laboratory and safety protocols. Two laboratory hours.

Prerequisite(s):CLT 100 with a grade of C or higher AND any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145 each with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe the role of a clinical histology laboratory in the overall health care system.
2. Describe the use of equipment, materials or supplies commonly used in a clinical histology laboratory.
3. Discuss good laboratory practice for a clinical histology laboratory.
4. Describe the four primary tissue types found in humans.
5. Describe common histology laboratory procedures used to prepare stained slides from tissue samples.
6. Select an appropriate stain for structure or pathogen of interest.
7. Demonstrate common histology procedures such as embedding tissue in paraffin, tissue sectioning and mounting, or routine staining of tissue sections.
8. Identify cellular structures within a prepared tissue slide using the most appropriate magnification for the structure.
9. Describe quality assessment practices for histology.

Course Offered Summer only

CLT 203 - Diagnostic Microbiology

2 Credits

A comprehensive study of microorganisms of importance in human health and disease. Topics include the preanalytical collection and processing of clinical specimens as well as the analytical morphology, isolation, and identification of pathogens, with a focus on colonial, microscopic, biochemical and molecular characteristics and additionally the postanalytical interrelationships of microorganisms and human hosts and the correlation, prevention and control of infectious diseases. Bacteriology is emphasized but the course includes a survey of mycology, parasitology, and virology. Four laboratory hours.

Prerequisite: BIO 202 with a grade of C or higher, or permission of instructor.

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to diagnostic microbiology.
2. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to diagnostic microbiology.
3. Describe or perform standard microbiological staining techniques.
4. Discuss the correct culture set up and incubation of microbial specimens.
5. Interpret the results of microbial cultures, stains, or tests.
6. Explain the principles behind different media utilized for growth, isolation, or identification of microbes.
7. Use standard microbial techniques or procedures to identify unknown organisms.
8. Describe the use of molecular or serological methods for the detection or identification of microbes.
9. Explain or demonstrate the proper aseptic technique for working with microbes in the clinical laboratory.
10. Explain the principles behind standard laboratory methods of antimicrobial testing.
11. Describe quality assessment practices for diagnostic microbiology.
12. Explain the clinical significance of diagnostic microbiology tests or results.

Course Offered Fall and Spring

CLT 210 - Clinical Chemistry

4 Credits

An introduction to the concepts of Clinical Chemistry. Topics include basic laboratory math, the renal system, digestive system with liver function, respiratory system and the endocrine system. Emphasis is on clinical tests which evaluate the function of these systems. Analytes and lab results are correlated to normal homeostasis and disease. Analyte measurements are studied and described in reference to previously covered material such as metabolism, protein synthesis, acid-base balance, electrolyte balance, enzymes, and hormones. Laboratory work includes the theory, operation and maintenance of the specialized and semi- automated analytical instrumentation used to perform these tests. Three class hours, three laboratory hours.

Prerequisite(s): CLT 110 with a grade of C or higher, CHE 145 or CHE 151 AND any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145, both with a grade of C or higher; and MCC Level 9 Mathematics placement or MTH 165 with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Explain the clinical significance of clinical chemistry tests or results.
2. Explain the principles of common clinical chemistry assays.
3. Explain the principles of common clinical chemistry instrumentation.
4. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to clinical chemistry.
5. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to clinical chemistry.
6. Demonstrate the correct use of basic clinical chemistry equipment such as balances, pipettes, or spectrophotometers.
7. Perform clinical chemistry assays according to standard operating procedures.
8. Troubleshoot clinical chemistry assays.
9. Explain the purpose of quality assurance.
10. Perform routine laboratory calculations.

Course Offered Fall and Spring

CLT 220 - Immunohematology

4 Credits

An introduction to the field of practical Immunohematology and Blood Banking. Emphasis is placed on the theoretical knowledge of human genetics, blood groups, blood cell grouping, blood components, fractionation, storage and washing, transfusion therapies, transfusion reactions, and alloantibody and autoantibody formation. Additionally, good laboratory practices, neatness, organization, attention to detail and professionalism are revisited. Two class hours, two laboratory hours.

Prerequisite(s): BIO 135, BIO 148, CLT 110 and CLT 140 or permission of instructor

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Explain the principles of immunology as they apply to development of antibodies directed against red blood cell antigens.
2. Discuss inheritance patterns of common blood group antigens.
3. Accurately complete or interpret common blood bank testing such as: ABO, Rh, Drug Antigen Testing (DAT), antigen typing, antibody screen, antibody identification, or crossmatch testing.
4. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to Blood Bank.
5. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to Blood Bank.
6. Describe the characteristics of common blood group antigens or antibodies.
7. Explain the clinical significance of blood bank tests or results.
8. Identify agencies that regulate blood banks.
9. Describe regulatory requirements for donor selection, donor testing, blood component labeling, blood component preparation, blood component storage and shipment, pre-transfusion testing, or reporting of adverse effects.
10. Determine the appropriate blood component therapy or accurately select the appropriate product for transfusion, given a clinical scenario.
11. Describe quality assessment practices for immunohematology or transfusion services.
12. Differentiate extravascular and intravascular hemolytic transfusion reactions.
13. Identify the probable causes of transfusion reactions.

Course Offered Fall and Spring

CLT 230 - Hematology and Coagulation

4 Credits

A comprehensive study of the physiology of the normal hematopoietic system and the pathophysiology of an abnormal hematopoietic system and ramifications of these lesions in maintaining homeostasis. Emphasis is on the mechanics of test procedures, interpretation of hematology test results and correlation of the results with disease. Three class hours, three laboratory hours.

Prerequisite: CLT 110 with grade of C or higher and any one of BIO 135, BIO 143, BIO 145 each with a grade of C or higher; or permission of instructor

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Describe the process of hematopoiesis for the various blood cell lines.
2. Differentiate the various blood cell lines based on their morphology and functions.
3. Describe pre-examination procedures applicable to the hematology laboratory.
4. Describe post-examination procedures applicable to the hematology laboratory.
5. Describe cellular morphology changes associated with various disease states.
6. Discuss the effect of abnormal hemoglobin on the human system.
7. Explain the principles of common hematology or coagulation analyzers.
8. Perform common manual procedures executed in a hematology laboratory.
9. Discuss common situations that may interfere with patient test results.
10. Describe the process of hemostasis.
11. Explain how coagulation is assessed in the hematology laboratory.
12. Describe quality assessment practices for hematology or coagulation.
13. Explain the clinical significance of hematology tests or results.
14. Explain the clinical significance of coagulation tests or results.

Course Offered Fall and Spring

CLT 251 - Clinical Rotation I - Microbiology and Urinalysis

2 Credits

The Clinical Rotations are intended to expose the CLT students to a functioning lab in an integrated health care environment and to assure the students meet the CLT competencies as described in the CLT Student Handbook. As such, emphasis is placed on professional conduct and performance of procedures in accordance with protocols of the department. Under the supervision of laboratory personnel, students will demonstrate professional behavior, conduct routine procedures, develop their analytical skills and apply knowledge acquired in the program. Students will verify preanalytical specimen integrity, follow analytical laboratory protocols and demonstrate exceptional communication skills in the post analytical reporting of results. There are approximately six departments; Body Fluids/Urinalysis, Immunology/Serology, Microbiology, Clinical Chemistry, Blood Bank and Hematology. There are three rotational courses; CLT 251, 253 and 255. Therefore, on average a student will rotate through two departments per rotation. One hundred twenty-eight clinical hours.

Prerequisite(s): CLT 203, CLT 210, CLT 220 and CLT 230 all with a grade of C or higher and permission of program director. Co-requisite: CLT 260

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Demonstrate professional behavior appropriate for healthcare.
2. Apply theories and principles to routine laboratory operations or laboratory testing.
3. Communicate effectively in the work setting.
4. Comply with organizational, state, or federal regulations.
5. Comply with safety standards.
6. Perform pre-examination procedures for microbiology.
7. Perform microbiological testing according to standard operating procedures.
8. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for microbiology.
9. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to microbiology.
10. Perform pre-examination procedures for urinalysis.
11. Perform urinalyses according to standard operating procedures.
12. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for urinalysis.
13. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to urinalysis.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 253 - Clinical Rotation II - Hematology and Immunohematology

2 Credits

The Clinical Rotations are intended to expose the CLT students to a functioning lab in an integrated health care environment and to assure the students meet the CLT competencies as described in the CLT Student Handbook. As such, emphasis is placed on professional conduct and performance of procedures in accordance with protocols of the department. Under the supervision of laboratory personnel, students will demonstrate professional behavior, conduct routine procedures, develop their analytical skills and apply knowledge acquired in the program. Students will verify preanalytical specimen integrity, follow analytical laboratory protocols and demonstrate exceptional communication skills in the post analytical reporting of results. There are approximately six departments; Body Fluids/Urinalysis, Immunology/Serology, Microbiology, Clinical Chemistry, Blood Bank and Hematology. There are three rotational courses; CLT 251, 253 and 255. Therefore, on average a student will rotate through two departments per rotation. One hundred twenty-eight clinical hours.

Prerequisite: CLT 203, CLT 210, CLT 220, and CLT 230 all with a grade of C or higher and permission of program director. Co-requisite: CLT 260

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Demonstrate professional behavior appropriate for healthcare.
2. Apply knowledge of theory and principles to routine laboratory operations or laboratory testing.
3. Communicate effectively in the work setting.
4. Comply with organizational, state, or federal regulations.
5. Comply with safety standards.
6. Perform pre-examination procedures for hematology.
7. Perform hematology testing according to standard operating procedures.
8. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for hematology.
9. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to hematology.
10. Perform pre-examination procedures for hemostasis.
11. Perform hemostasis testing according to standard operating procedures.
12. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for hemostasis.
13. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to hemostasis.
14. Perform pre-examination procedures for immunohematology/transfusion services.
15. Perform immunohematology/transfusion services testing according to standard operating procedures.
16. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for immunohematology/transfusion services.
17. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to immunohematology/transfusion services.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 255 - Clinical Rotation III - Chemistry, Immunology and Phlebotomy

2 Credits

The Clinical Rotations are intended to expose the CLT students to a functioning lab in an integrated health care environment and to assure the students meet the CLT competencies as described in the CLT Student Handbook. As such, emphasis is placed on professional conduct and performance of procedures in accordance with protocols of the department. Under the supervision of laboratory personnel, students will demonstrate professional behavior, conduct routine procedures, develop their analytical skills and apply knowledge acquired in the program. Students will verify preanalytical specimen integrity, follow analytical laboratory protocols and demonstrate exceptional communication skills in the post analytical reporting of results. There are approximately six departments; Body Fluids/Urinalysis, Immunology/Serology, Microbiology, Clinical Chemistry, Blood Bank and Hematology. There are three rotational courses; CLT 251, 253 and 255. Therefore, on average a student will rotate through two departments per rotation. One hundred twenty-eight clinical hours.

Prerequisite(s): CLT 203, CLT 210, CLT 220, and CLT 230 all with a grade of C or higher and permission of program director. Co-requisite: CLT 260

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Demonstrate professional behavior appropriate for healthcare.
2. Apply knowledge of theory and principles to routine laboratory operations or laboratory testing.
3. Communicate effectively in the work setting.
4. Comply with organizational, state, or federal regulations.
5. Comply with safety standards.
6. Perform pre-examination procedures for clinical chemistry.
7. Perform clinical chemistry testing according to standard operating procedures.
8. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for clinical chemistry.
9. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to clinical chemistry.
10. Perform pre-examination procedures for immunology/serology.
11. Perform serological testing according to standard operating procedures.
12. Explain or demonstrate post-examination procedures for immunology/serology.
13. Perform or explain quality control procedures applicable to immunology/serology.
14. Perform venipunctures according to standard operating procedures.
15. Demonstrate good customer service skills.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 260 - Medical Laboratory Technology Seminar

2 Credits

A student focused discussion based course that is designed to integrate the topics and concepts of the Clinical Laboratory Technician Program. Emphasis will be on reflection of the Clinical rotation experience and the CLT Program in general. Job placement, NYS licensure application, and ASCP BOC exam preparation will also be addressed. Two class hours.

CLT 203, CLT 210, CLT 220, and CLT 230 all with a grade of C or higher and permission of program director

Course Learning Outcomes
1. Prepare a resume and cover letter appropriate for clinical laboratory positions.
2. Identify personal areas of strength and weakness in preparation for the national certification examination.
3. Communicate effectively regarding the clinical laboratory.
4. Discuss the use of current events or professional literature to stay current in the field.
5. Identify techniques or habits that contributed to the successful completion of the program.
6. Discuss strategies to succeed in a new clinical laboratory career.

Course Offered Spring only

CLT 290 - Independent Study

Variable Credit

See the Department Chairperson.

Course Offered Fall and Spring

COM - Communication
COS - College Success
CPT - Computer Technology
CRC - Computer Related Curricula
CRJ - Criminal Justice
CSC - Computer Science
DAS - Dental Assisting
DEN - Dental Hygiene
EBL - Experience Based Learning
ECE - Education and Early Care
ECO - Economics
EDU - Education
ELT - Electrical Engineering Technology/Electronics
EMS - Emergency Medical Services
ENG - English Literature
ENG - English Writing
ENR - Engineering Science
ESL - English For Speakers Of Other Languages (ESOL)
FPT - Fire Protection Technology
FRE - French/Foreign Language
FSA - Food Service Administration
GEG - Geography
GEO - Geology
GER - German/Foreign Language
GLF - Golf Management
HBR - Hebrew/Foreign Language
HED - Health Education
HEG - Health Education Global
HIM - Health Information Technology
HIS - History
HMN - Humanities
HON - Honors Studies
HPR - Health Professions
HSM - Homeland Security Administration
HSP - Hospitality
HTL - Hotel Technology
HUM - Human Services
HVA - Heating, Ventilating & Air Conditioning
IDE - Interior Design
ITA - Italian/Foreign Language
JPN - Japanese/Foreign Language
LAW - Law
LDS - Leadership
MAR - Marketing
MET - Mechanical Technology
MFG - Manufacturing Technology: Automation / Robotics
MTH - Mathematics
MUS - Music
NUR - Nursing
OFT - Office Technology
OPT - Optical Systems Technology
PE - Physical Education--Coed
PEC - Physical Education--Coed
PEJ - Physical Education-Criminal Justice
PEM - Physical Education--Men
PEW - Physical Education-Women
PHL - Philosophy
PHO - Photography
PHY - Physics
PLE - Police: Law Enforcement
PLS - Paralegal Studies
POR - Portuguese/Foreign Language
POS - Political Science
PPE - Physical Studies/Physical Education
PSC - Public Safety Communications
PSC - Public Safety Training
PST - Public Safety Training
PSY - Psychology
REA - Reading
SBS - Honors Studies
SBS - Social & Behavioral Sciences
SCI - Science
SCR - Computer Security
SGT - Surgical Technology
SMT - Sports Management
SOC - Sociology
SPA - Spanish/Foreign Language
SPC - Speech Communication
STT - Solar Thermal Technology
SUS - Sustainability Studies
SVL - Service Learning
TAM - Tooling and Machining
TEK - Technology
THE - Theatre
TOY - Toyota
TRS - Transitional Studies
TVL - Travel And Tourism
XRT - Radiologic Technology